1.) Lincoln Financial Field, home of the Philadelphia Eagles
The football stadium in Philadelphia, Pa., which opened in 2003, has a seating capacity of 68,532 and cost $520 million to construct. The Eagles started the Go Green program in 2003, with the help of the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC). The venue uses recycled paper products and has installed the most extensive onsite renewable system of any U.S. sports stadium.
The stadium has 11,000 onsite solar panels and 14 onsite wind turbines and is the first professional stadium in the U.S. capable of generating all of its electricity onsite. The team implemented a variety of energy conservation programs to reduce electricity consumption by more than 33 percent. The Eagles have converted all of their tissue paper products to 100 percent post-consumer recycled paper, yielding an annual savings of 10 tons of paper or the equivalent of about 170 trees.
2.) Nationals Park, home of the Washington Nationals
The baseball stadium in Washington, D.C., opened in 2008, has a seating capacity of 41,546, and cost $611 million to build. Nationals Park was the first North American professional sports venue to be awarded LEED Silver Certification for new construction by the U.S. Green Building Council, first to install a green roof, and it was able to do so while meeting its target schedule and budget.
The venue includes a 6,300-square-foot green roof, stadium construction using 95 percent recycled steel from a regional plant, and energy-conserving light fixtures that have reduced energy consumption by 21 percent. The Nationals also have a single-stream recycling program that diverts about 80 percent of the stadium’s waste from landfills. In addition, the park’s location makes it easily accessible by public transportation, and the parking lot has more than 250 bicycle racks.
3.) AT&T Park, home of the San Francisco Giants
The baseball stadium in San Francisco, Calif., opened in 2000, has a seating capacity of 41,915, and cost $482 million to build. AT&T Park was the first Major League Baseball ballpark to install a solar array and the first to receive LEED Silver Certification for existing buildings: operations and maintenance. In 2007 the ballpark to installed a solar array, which at 123 kilowatts, provides enough power to supply 5,200 homes (avoiding 360,000 pounds of greenhouse gases) and generates green energy for PG&E customers across San Francisco.
The Giants achieved 100 percent waste diversion ballpark-wide in March 2012. The team recycles or composts cans, bottles, plastic cups, cardboard, paper, wood pallets, electronic components, lightbulbs, batteries, cooking grease, food waste and grass clippings. Close to 100 percent of the drinkware and food packaging sold at the ballpark is recyclable or compostable.
4.) CenturyLink Field, home of the Seattle Seahawks and Seattle Sounders FC
The football and soccer stadium in Seattle, Wash., opened in 2002, has a seating capacity of 67,000, and cost $430 million to construct. Back in 2000, 35 percent of the concrete from the Kingdome was recycled onsite to construct CenturyLink Field. The Seattle Seahawks and Seattle Sounders FC are leaders in professional sports greening, as founding members of the Green Sports Alliance, and business leaders in sustainability, with an onsite solar array, an aggressive recycling program and a strong environmentally preferable purchasing program.
The teams invested in new composting equipment and a cardboard baler, increasing cardboard recycling by 16 percent. They also launched a composting program and added 200 new recycling bins. They installed additional point-of-use lighting controls in concession stands, restrooms, and storage spaces, and became certified as an EnergyStar Portfolio Manager partner.
5.) Busch Stadium, home of the St. Louis Cardinals
The baseball stadium in St. Louis, Mo., opened in 2006, has a seating capacity of 46,000, and cost $421 million to build. The Cardinals have achieved a 29 percent waste diversion rate, a 23 percent reduction in overall energy use (and base power demand), and a 10 percent cut in water use across all operations since opening their stadium.
The Cardinals’ “4 A Greener Game” program, launched in 2008, is credited with recycling more than 1,836 tons of solid waste, more than 575 tons of yard waste, and more than 110 tons of composted organic material. Busch Stadium has instituted several low-cost and no-cost energy-saving measures, including: using compact fluorescent lights throughout the stadium; installing occupancy sensors in several rooms; fine-tuning existing operating systems, such as pumps and blowers in the HVAC system; using a lighting control system.
6.) MetLife Stadium, home of the New York Giants and New York Jets
The football stadium in East Rutherford, N.J., opened in 2010, has a seating capacity of 82,566, and cost $1.6 billion to construct. The new stadium recycled 100,000 tons of concrete, 20,000 tons of steel, and other demolition materials from the old stadium by filling the 210,000 cubic yard hole associated with the dismantling of Giants Stadium.
The new stadium is more than twice as large as the old stadium in terms of square footage, but there was a reduction of energy use of roughly 30 percent as a result of: energy efficient and Energy-Star compliant concessions, heating cooling and ventilation, and lighting; and coating/glazing of windows that transmit 56 percent less UV light and reduce heat gain.
Most notable among the findings, due to its collective, widespread efforts, the stadium reduced its carbon footprint by 268,828 MTCO2e (Metric Ton Carbon Dioxide Equivalent), the largest carbon footprint reduction to date.
7.) Fenway Park, home of the Boston Red Sox
The baseball stadium in Boston, Mass., opened in 1912, has a seating capacity of 39,493, and cost $650,000 to construct.It is the oldest Major League Baseball stadium in use. In 2010, Fenway completed an energy audit to investigate ways to reduce energy use and save money. The park now uses LED lighting and installed 28 solar panels across the roof of the Red Sox dugout. The solar array supplies 37 percent of the energy needed to heat Fenway’s water.
The stadium has also implemented plumbing renovations, including the installation of waterless urinals, dual flushers, and water-efficient fixtures. Together, these have reduced overall water consumption by 30 percent, saving more than 360,000 gallons each year. All building renovations use locally sourced materials, and new construction has reused more than 800 tons of old bricks and recycled other construction waste.
8.) Bell Centre, home of the Montreal Canadiens
The hockey arena in Montreal, Canada, opened in 1996, has a seating capacity of 21,273, and cost $270 million to construct. The Bell Centre is the only professional sports venue in North America to be awarded three independent environmental certifications: LEED Silver for Existing Buildings (EBOM), ISO 14001, and Quebec’s ICI ON RECYCLE Level Three (the highest level).
In 2009 the Bell Centre was 35 percent more efficient in energy savings than any other venue of the same type in North America. The arena’s 258 washrooms were changed to reduce water use, which led to a reduction of about 20 percent in overall water consumption. The organization decreased greenhouse gas emissions by 28 percent by reducing natural gas consumption. New purchasing policies were introduced, and 80 percent of purchases now include products that are locally made and/or composed of reused or recycled materials.
9.) AmericanAirlines Arena, home of the Miami Heat
The basketball arena in Miami, Fla., opened in 1999, has a seating capacity of 19,600, and cost $297 million to construct. AmericanAirlines Arena became LEED-certified for existing buildings: operations and maintenance (EBOM) in 2009. The Heat’s energy efficiency initiatives have enabled the arena to consume 53 percent less energy than the average facility of similar size and use, according to EnergyStar’s Portfolio Manager.
The organization replaced 240 lamps in the arena’s concession stands and merchandise locations with compact fluorescent lights, which saves $976 annually. The team implemented a building automation system to monitor and control heating, cooling and ventilation. The Heat reduced the heat island effect and saved energy by using more reflective “white” roofing and underground parking. In 2009, the arena achieved a 16.7 percent reduction in potable water use through low-flow faucet and toilet upgrades and plumbing efficiency.
10.) Petco Park, home of the San Diego Padres
The baseball stadium in San Diego, Calif., opened in 2004, has a seating capacity of 42,500, and cost $449 million to construct.The Padres are working to increase its overall recycling to more than 75-percent in 2013, up from 65-percent last year. This includes recycling: commingled items (plastic, paper, glass and aluminum), cardboard, cooking oil, food waste, green waste (i.e., grass clippings), e-waste (computers, CPUs, light bulbs, batteries), uniform clothes, wood pallets, tires, televisions, plastic foam, plastic wrap, concrete, and wire hangers.
Some of the awards Petco Park has earned are: City of San Diego Recycler of the Year Award; San Diego Downtown Partnership Sustainability Award; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's WasteWise Gold Achievement Award for Public Venue Recycling; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's WasteWise Gold Achievement Award for Food Recovery; CalRecycle Waste Reduction Award; Major League Baseball "Green Glove" award – National League Wild Card.
Source: Natural Resources Defense Council’s “Game Changer” report