Top 10 onshore wind farms
Energy Digital takes a look at the largest onshore wind farms in the world, based on their maximum capacity.
10 | =9. Fowler Ridge Wind Farm – 600MW
Located near the city of Fowler, Indiana, the Fowler Ridge Wind Farm has a nameplate capacity of 600MW. It was constructed in two phases, with the project beginning in 2005 and the farm being commissioned in 2008. Throughout the years it has gone through various developers, namely Orion Energy, Vision Energy, BP and Dominion Resources. Currently, the project is owned by BP Alternative Energy North America and Dominion Resources, which each has a 50% stake.
9 | =9. Fântânele-Cogealac Wind Farm – 600MW
Located in Romania, taking up 110km sq around 17km from the Black Sea, the Fântânele-Cogealac Wind Farm is the largest onshore facility in Europe. It consists of 240 wind turbines, supplied by General Electric. It was built for the CEZ Group and commissioned in 2012. As a whole, CEZ is a conglomerate of 96 companies, 72 of which are based in the Czech Republic, and has also has operations across Bulgaria, Hungary, Germany, Poland, Slovakia and Turkey. The company was founded in 1993 and has since grown to employ 26,000 staff.
8 | Capricorn Ridge Wind Farm – 662.5MW
Located in central Texas, the Capricorn Ridge wind farm has a total of 407 units. Sixty-five of these are supplied by Siemens Gamesa and have a capacity of 2.3MW, while the remainder are supplied by General Electric and have a capacity of 1.5MW. The facility, which claims to be able to cut 952,000 tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions per year, has seen investment from big-name companies GE Energy Financial Services and JPMorgan Chase.
7 | Horse Hollow Wind Energy Center – 735.5MW
Located in Central Texas, the Horse Hollow Wind Energy Center spans across 47,000 acres. It was constructed in phases which saw involvement from several energy companies, including Blattner Energy, InvestEnergyGroup, NextEra and Tetra-Tech. The facility is now made up of 421 wind turbines in total, comprising 291 GE 1.5MW turbines and 139 2.3MW Siemens Gamesa turbines.
6 | Roscoe Wind Farm – 781.5MW
Another facility located in the Texas countryside, Roscoe Wind Farm spans four counties and comprises 634 units. In 2009, the year of its commission, the Roscoe facility was actually the largest wind farm in the world though it has since been overtaken. Having cost more than $1bn to build, the facility is now owned and operated by E.ON Climate & Renewables. The wind farm provides enough power for over 250,000 Texan households.
5 | Shepherds Flat Wind Farm – 845MW
Located near Arlington, the Oregon-based Shepherd’s Flat Wind Farm is made up of 338 wind turbines. The facility was approved in 2008 with construction by Caithness Energy beginning the following year, and it officially opened in 2012. General Electric supplied the wind turbines which each have a capacity of 2.5MW, and altogether work to supply electricity for Southern California Edison.
4 | Jaisalmer Wind Park – 1,064MW
Located in Jaisalmer, Rajastan, the Jaisalmer Wind Park is the second largest onshore wind farm in India. The facility was developed by Pune-based Suzlon Energy, which has altogether worked to install over 17,000MW worth of wind capacity with 11,000 wind turbines for over 1,700 customers across the globe. To place the company’s renewable energy efforts in context, Suzlon states this is the equivalent of taking 6mn cars off the road.
3 | Muppandal Wind Farm – 1,500MW
Muppandal is the largest onshore wind farm in India. It is located in Tamil Nadu, and developed by the state-owned Tamil Nadu Energy Development Agency. Headquartered in Chennai, TEDA was established in 1985 with the goal of promoting new and renewable energy resources. The facility has rejuvenated the nearby village of Muppandal, which is supplied with electricity for commercial purposes. The wind farm’s 1,500MW capacity is estimated to be 20% of the total wind capacity produced by India.
2 | Alta Wind Energy Center – 1,548MW
Alta Wind Energy Center (AWEC) is located in Kern County, California, and is the largest onshore wind farm in the US. Along with Shepherds Flat, this facility also powers Southern California Edison through a 25-year power purchase agreement. Currently, AWEC has 600 operational units sitting across 3,200 acres of land, with turbines having been supplied by Danish manufacturer Vestas. It doesn’t stop there, however – set upon its goal of reducing CO2 emissions by more than 5.2mn tonnes each year, the project’s total planned capacity is 3,000MW. AWES was developed by Terra-Gen.
1 | Gansu Wind Farm – 7,965MW
Even though it already surpasses all other onshore wind farms in the world by some distance, the Gansu Wind Farm is actually still in construction, and isn’t even halfway to the 20,000MW capacity it plans to reach by 2020. The facility is located in Gansu province, China, across two locations in desert areas near Jiuquin. A key player in China’s intensifying ‘war on pollution’, construction on the Gansu facility began in 2009 and the farm now boasts around 7,000 wind turbines and a nameplate capacity of 7.97GW. However, aside from producing huge volumes of renewable energy, the Chinese state will need to examine its supply chain since Interesting Engineering states that over 60% of Gansu Wind Farm’s current capacity goes unused each year.